The Habits of Mind are often equated with dispositions. In addition to knowledge and skills, teacher education programs strive to assist future educators to develop appropriate dispositions for exercising their craft. According to Ros-Vosales & Moss (2007), dispositions are similar to professional beliefs or values systems, but they are more than that. Dispositions extend to professional modes of conduct and the ways in which beliefs and attitudes are displayed by teachers’ actions in and out of the classroom. Teachers with positive professional dispositions tend to act in ways that elevate the profession of teaching in the eyes of others (2007). Do you agree with the Ros-Voasles & Moss? Why or why not? How can teachers stimulate the development of the Habits of Mind in their students?
1.Persisting Stick to it! Persevering in task through to completion; remaining focused. Looking for ways to reach your goal when stuck. Not giving up.
2.Managing impulsivity Take your Time! Thinking before acting; remaining calm, thoughtful and deliberative.
3.Listening with understanding and empathy Understand Others! Devoting mental energy to another person’s thoughts and ideas. Make an effort to perceive another’s point of view and emotions.
4.Thinking flexibly Look at it Another Way! Being able to change perspectives, generate alternatives, consider options.
5.Thinking about your thinking (Metacognition) Know your knowing! Being aware of your own thoughts, strategies, feelings and actions and their effects on others.
6.Striving for accuracy Check it again! Always doing your best. Setting high standards. Checking and finding ways to improve constantly.
7.Questioning and problem posing How do you know? Having a questioning attitude; knowing what data are needed and developing questioning strategies to produce those data. Finding problems to solve.
8.Applying past knowledge to new situations Use what you Learn! Accessing prior knowledge; transferring knowledge beyond the situation in which it was learned.
9.Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision Be clear! Striving for accurate communication in both written and oral form; avoiding over generalizations, distortions, deletions and exaggerations.
10.Gather data through all senses: Use your natural pathways! Pay attention to the world around you Gather data through all the senses; taste, touch, smell, hearing and sight.
11.Creating, imagining, and innovating Try a different way! Generating new and novel ideas, fluency, originality
12.Responding with wonderment and awe Have fun figuring it out! Finding the world awesome, mysterious and being intrigued with phenomena and beauty.
13.Taking responsible risks Venture out! Being adventuresome; living on the edge of one’s competence. Try new things constantly.
14.Finding humor Laugh a little! Finding the whimsical, incongruous and unexpected. Being able to laugh at oneself.
15.Thinking interdependently Work together! Being able to work in and learn from others in reciprocal situations. Team work.
16. Remaining open to continuous learning I have so much more to learn! Having humility and pride when admitting we don’t know; resisting complacency.
H a b i t s o f M i n d
Images © 2000 Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1703 N. Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311 USA This and other resources available at www.habitsofmind.org
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